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Origen (185–254)

"Origen insisted that God had no direct contact with matter. He fashioned things indirectly through the Logos. He built the physical world according to divine Ideas or "eternal Archetypes or Forms which composed His Wisdom (see Plato's noetos kosmos). He gave it universal order (cosmology). This theory, Origen took from Philon of Alexandria, who borrowed it from Platon. These Ideas or "Ideal Forms," were models for everything that the Logos made. Inasmuch as God cannot change, He cannot start and stop. Therefore, He could not begin to create the world. He was always "Creator," always "Father" Who always had a Son Who was always creating the world. He formed two worlds — the spiritual and, later, the physical world....COMMENTARY ON THE PHILOKALIA: THE CONDEMNATION OF EVAGRIOS Archbishop Lazar Puhalo"

"Origen (185-254 C.E.), along with Justin Martyr and Clement, is a key figure of the Alexandrian school of theology, known for its integration of Greek and Christian thought.... Known as the first philosopher of the Christian church, Origen’s On First Principles is the first work of Christian systematic theology.... Though raised a Christian (Origen’s father was a martyr), origin was tutored by the Middle Platonic philosopher Ammonius Saccas, who also taught Plotinus."....Origen and the Incorporation of Platonic/Apophatic Theology into the Christian Bren Hughes
Excerpts from

De Vitis Patrum, Book II
By Rufinus of Aquileia

Chapter XXVI

ORIGEN (cf. VIII.10)

There was another of Antony's disciples called Origen, a magnificent man of great discretion, whose sermons and talks about the virtues of his great master, the man of God, edified all who heard. He stirred people up so powerfully that they could almost see the things he talked about before their naked eyes.

Origen of Alexandria, one of the greatest Christian theologians, is famous for composing the seminal work of Christian Neoplatonism, his treatise On First Principles. Origen lived through a turbulent period of the Christian Church, when persecution was wide-spread and little or no doctrinal consensus existed among the various regional churches. In this environment, Gnosticism flourished, and Origen was the first truly philosophical thinker to turn his hand not only to a refutation of Gnosticism, but to offer an alternative Christian system that was more rigorous and philosophically respectable than the mythological speculations of the various Gnostic sects. Origen was also an astute critic of the pagan philosophy of his era, yet he also learned much from it, and adapted its most useful and edifying teachings to a grand elucidation of the Christian faith. Porphyry (the illustrious student of Plotinus), though a tenacious adversary of Christianity, nevertheless grudgingly admitted Origen’s mastery of the Greek philosophical tradition. Although Origen did go on to compose numerous biblical commentaries and sermons, his importance for the history of philosophy rests mainly on two works, the systematic treatise On First Principles, and his response to the pagan philosopher Celsus’ attack on Christianity, the treatise Against Celsus.

source: Edward Moore, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Controversy in Paradise: Origen On the Nature of God

"Scholars have seen two monastic camps: “Hellenic or Hellenized monks whose theology was more intellectual and more speculative than the naïve and literal beliefs of their Egyptian brethren.”23 While this demarcation is suspiciously tidy and accepts the anti-Anthropomorphite biases of the ancient sources, it probably presents a reasonably, though not entirely, accurate picture.24 The divide between Origenists and anti-Origenists, anti-Anthropomorphites and Anthropomorphites, was not entirely ethnic but also involved social networks, particularly among the Origenists.25 In Conference 10.3, Cassian speaks highly of Paphnutius, a Copt, who opposed Anthropomorphism in Scetis. It is not a coincidence that in that same Conference, Paphnutius calls on a foreigner, “a certain deacon named Photinus” from Cappadocia, who informs the monks that “the Catholic churches throughout the East” interpreted Genesis “spiritually,” not in a “lowly” way like the Anthropomorphites."

"According to Socrates (despite his politicizing tendencies), the question was theological in origin: Does God have corporeal existence and human form, or is God incorporeal, without human or any other bodily form? The Anthropomorphites, following descriptions of God in scripture and the affirmation that human beings are made in God’s image and likeness, believed that God did in fact have anthropomorphite, human, form and characteristics. Those opposed to them, following Platonic—and Origenist—thought, believed that God was incorporeal. Theophilus agreed with them and in his Paschal or Festal Letter of 399 (no longer extant) apparently condemned Anthroporphism; most of the monks, however (as Cassian reports), “very bitterly” received this letter. They went en masse to Alexandria, threatened Theophilus, and convinced him of the error of his ways. The archbishop, an astute politician, did an abrupt about-face: he now anathematized Origenism and convened a synod in 400 to effect the condemnation and excommunicate the Origenist monks the Tall Brothers; in the spring of 400, with soldiers and “a drunken rabble,” he attacked Nitria at night and drove the followers of Origen, perhaps three hundred monks, out of Egypt.47"...source: COPTIC PALLADIANA I:THE LIFE OF PAMBO
The Philocalia of Origen

Origen's Philocalia is an anthology of Origen's texts, probably compiled by Basil the Great and Gregory Nazianzen. It was probably compiled during their monastic retreat in Pontus in the late 350's to early 360's, or at any event early in their careers and before their own theological writings. The complete text of so much of Origen's work is lost, and consequently the extracts in the anthology are valuable today. It should not be confused with the medieval Philokalia.

The work is divided into twenty-seven chapters, with titles given by the compilers. About a fifth of it is taken from Contra Celsum...source: Wikipedia
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